# [100+] Reasoning MCQs & Answers For NTS, NET, SSB, SSC, IBPS, RRB, Govt. Exams

Which of the following is a valid syllogism?
1. All dogs can fly. Rover is a dog. Therefore, Rover can fly.
2. All cats have feathers. Fluffy is a cat. Therefore, Fluffy has feathers.
3. All humans are mortal. Socrates is a human. Therefore, Socrates is mortal.
4. All cars are bicycles. This is a car. Therefore, this is a bicycle.

Ans. C

The third option follows a valid syllogism where a general truth leads to a specific conclusion.

Which fallacy is committed in the following argument? “If you don’t support this policy, you must be against progress.”
2. Straw Man
3. False Dilemma
4. Begging the Question

Ans. C

The argument presents a false dilemma by suggesting that there are only two options when there may be more.

What is the next number in the series: 2, 6, 12, 20, ___?
1. 24
2. 28
3. 30
4. 32

Ans. B

The series is increasing by consecutive even numbers (2, 4, 6, 8, …). The next number is 20 + 8 = 28.

Which word does not belong in the following group: Apple, Banana, Carrot, Orange, Grape?
1. Apple
2. Banana
3. Carrot
4. Orange
5. Grape

Ans. Carrot

The other words are all types of fruits, while “Carrot” is a vegetable.

What is the missing letter in the sequence: A, C, E, ___, I?
1. G
2. H
3. F
4. J

Ans. G

The sequence follows the alphabet with every other letter. The missing letter is “G.”

Which of the following is an example of a deductive argument?
1. All swans are white. This bird is a swan. Therefore, this bird is white.
2. Many people enjoy ice cream. Sarah likes ice cream. Therefore, Sarah enjoys ice cream.
3. Some cats have fur. Fluffy is a cat. Therefore, Fluffy has fur.
4. If it rains, the ground will be wet. It rained last night. Therefore, the ground is wet.

Ans. A

The first option is a deductive argument where the conclusion follows necessarily from the premises.

Identify the fallacy in the following statement: “If you don’t support this candidate, you must support their opponent.”
2. Straw Man
3. False Dilemma
4. Begging the Question

Ans. C

The statement commits the fallacy of a false dilemma by presenting only two options when there may be more.

What comes next in the series: 3, 6, 12, 24, ___?
1. 36
2. 48
3. 30
4. 72

Ans. B

The series is doubling with each term (3 x 2 = 6, 6 x 2 = 12, 12 x 2 = 24). The next number is 24 x 2 = 48.

Which of the following words does not belong in the group: Triangle, Circle, Square, Pentagon, Banana?
1. Triangle
2. Circle
3. Square
4. Banana

Ans. D

The other words are all shapes, while “Banana” is a fruit and does not belong to the same category.

What letter is missing in the sequence: B, D, F, H, ___?
1. J
2. I
3. G
4. K

Ans. J

The sequence follows the alphabet with every other letter. The missing letter is “J.”

Which of the following statements is an example of a valid modus ponens argument?
1. If it’s sunny, I will go for a walk. It’s sunny. Therefore, I will go for a walk.
2. If it’s raining, I will go for a walk. It’s not raining. Therefore, I won’t go for a walk.
3. If it’s cold, I will go swimming. It’s not cold. Therefore, I will go swimming.
4. If it’s windy, I will read a book. It’s windy. Therefore, I will watch TV.

Ans. A

The first statement follows the modus ponens pattern with a valid conditional statement and an affirmed antecedent.

What is the next number in the sequence: 1, 4, 9, 16, ___?
1. 25
2. 36
3. 49
4. 64

Ans. C

The sequence represents the squares of consecutive integers (1^2, 2^2, 3^2, 4^2). The next number is 5^2 = 25.

Which fallacy is committed in the following argument? “If you don’t support my proposal, you must want our project to fail.”
2. Straw Man
3. False Dilemma
4. Begging the Question

Ans. C

The argument commits the fallacy of a false dilemma by presenting only two extreme options when other possibilities may exist.

Which of the following is an example of a valid syllogism?
1. All humans are immortal. John is a human. Therefore, John is immortal.
2. Some birds can swim. Penguins are birds. Therefore, penguins can swim.
3. No reptiles have fur. Lizards are reptiles. Therefore, lizards have fur.
4. All flowers are animals. Roses are flowers. Therefore, roses are animals.

Ans. B

The second option is a valid syllogism where a general truth leads to a specific conclusion.

Which of the following arguments is an example of affirming the consequent?
1. If it’s raining, the ground is wet. The ground is wet. Therefore, it’s raining.
2. If it’s sunny, I’ll go to the beach. I’m going to the beach. Therefore, it’s sunny.
3. If it’s cold, I wear a jacket. I’m wearing a jacket. Therefore, it’s cold.
4. If it’s windy, I’ll fly a kite. I’m flying a kite. Therefore, it’s windy.

Ans. A

The first argument is an example of affirming the consequent, a logically invalid form of reasoning.

What is the missing number in the sequence: 5, 10, 20, 40, ___?
1. 60
2. 80
3. 100
4. 120

Ans. B

The sequence is doubling with each term (5 x 2 = 10, 10 x 2 = 20, 20 x 2 = 40). The next number is 40 x 2 = 80.

Which of the following words does not belong in the group: Piano, Guitar, Drum, Banana, Violin?
1. Piano
2. Guitar
3. Drum
4. Banana

Ans. D

The other words are all musical instruments, while “Banana” is not related to music and does not belong to the same category.

What letter is missing in the sequence: L, O, S, ___, W?
1. I
2. R
3. Q
4. P

Ans. P

The sequence spells the word “LOST,” with the missing letter being “P.”

Which fallacy is committed in the following argument? “Either we ban all cars or we will destroy the environment.”
2. Straw Man
3. False Dilemma
4. Begging the Question

Ans. C

The argument commits the fallacy of a false dilemma by presenting only two extreme options when other possibilities may exist.

What is the next number in the sequence: 2, 5, 10, 17, ___?
1. 24
2. 28
3. 33
4. 36

Ans. C

The sequence adds consecutive odd numbers (3, 5, 7, …) to the previous term. The next number is 17 + 3 = 20.

Which of the following arguments is an example of modus tollens?
1. If it’s snowing, the road is slippery. The road is not slippery. Therefore, it’s not snowing.
2. If it’s sunny, I’ll go for a walk. I’m going for a walk. Therefore, it’s sunny.
3. If it’s cold, I wear a jacket. I’m not wearing a jacket. Therefore, it’s not cold.
4. If it’s windy, I’ll fly a kite. I’m flying a kite. Therefore, it’s windy.

Ans. A

The first argument follows modus tollens, a valid form of reasoning that denies the consequent.

What is the next letter in the sequence: C, E, G, ___?
1. I
2. K
3. M
4. O

Ans. A

The sequence follows the alphabet with every other letter. The next letter is “I.”

If LONDON is written as MPNPE, then what will be the code for PARIS?
1. QBRJT
2. QBSEJ
3. QBPKR
4. QBTHD

Ans. B

Each letter in the word is shifted one position forward in the alphabet. L becomes M, O becomes P, N becomes O, D becomes E, O becomes P, and N becomes E. Thus, PARIS becomes QBSEJ.

If CHAIR is written as FKBJS, then what will be the code for TABLE?
1. VCMDQ
2. UCNEP
3. TDMFO
4. SDLEP

Ans. B

Each letter in the word is shifted one position forward in the alphabet. C becomes F, H becomes K, A becomes B, I becomes J, and R becomes S. Thus, TABLE becomes UCNEP.

If ROSE is written as UTSJ, then what will be the code for TULIP?
1. XWOQR
2. XVPMN
3. XVMNL
4. XWONP

Ans. B

Each letter in the word is shifted one position forward in the alphabet. R becomes U, O becomes T, S becomes J, and E becomes F. Thus, TULIP becomes XVPMN.

If BIRD is written as EMWI, then what will be the code for FISH?
1. KWPM
2. KWOL
3. KVOL
4. KVNM

Ans. C

Each letter in the word is shifted four positions forward in the alphabet. B becomes E, I becomes M, R becomes W, and D becomes I. Thus, FISH becomes KVOL.

If TREE is written as WUII, then what will be the code for GROW?
1. JTOP
2. ITNO
3. ITLN
4. HTKM

Ans. C

Each letter in the word is shifted one position forward in the alphabet. T becomes U, R becomes Q, E becomes D, and E becomes D. Thus, GROW becomes ITLN.

If WATER is written as ZFXES, then what will be the code for OCEAN?
1. QEGSM
2. QFHRN
3. PFDQM
4. QFGRM

Ans. D

Each letter in the word is shifted one position forward in the alphabet. W becomes Z, A becomes F, T becomes X, E becomes D, and R becomes E. Thus, OCEAN becomes QFGRM.

If RIVER is written as ULYHU, then what will be the code for MOUNT?
1. PRTWS
2. PSTVT
3. PRSWS
4. PQTUR

Ans. A

Each letter in the word is shifted three positions forward in the alphabet. R becomes U, I becomes L, V becomes Y, E becomes H, and R becomes U. Thus, MOUNT becomes PRTWS.

If CARROT is written as FSVVSY, then what will be the code for APPLE?
1. EVQMN
2. BRMJO
3. ZRRKF
4. ZUURU

Ans. B

Each letter in the word is shifted four positions forward in the alphabet. C becomes F, A becomes S, R becomes V, R becomes S, O becomes Y, and T becomes Y. Thus, APPLE becomes BRMJO.

If SUN is written as VXQ, then what will be the code for MOON?
1. PQQS
2. NPQN
3. LNQO
4. KOPM

Ans. C

Each letter in the word is shifted three positions forward in the alphabet. S becomes V, U becomes X, and N becomes Q. Thus, MOON becomes LNQO.

If MANGO is written as PBPSR, then what will be the code for BANANA?
1. CBFCB
2. CBHDB
3. CBIEC
4. CBJFD

Ans. B

Each letter in the word is shifted three positions forward in the alphabet. M becomes P, A becomes B, N becomes P, G becomes S, and O becomes R. Thus, BANANA becomes CBHDB.

Which of the following arguments is an example of a valid disjunctive syllogism?
1. If it’s not raining, then I’ll go for a walk. It’s not raining. Therefore, I’ll go for a walk.
2. If it’s sunny, then I’ll go for a swim. It’s not sunny. Therefore, I won’t go for a swim.
3. If it’s not cold, then I’ll wear a t-shirt. It’s cold. Therefore, I won’t wear a t-shirt.
4. If it’s windy, then I’ll fly a kite. It’s windy. Therefore, I’ll fly a kite.

Ans. D

The fourth option is an example of a valid disjunctive syllogism, where either one condition or its negation leads to a specific conclusion.

What is the next number in the sequence: 1, 3, 7, 15, ___?
1. 21
2. 31
3. 30
4. 35

Ans. A

The sequence adds consecutive odd numbers (2, 4, 8, …) to the previous term. The next number is 15 + 16 = 21.

Which word does not belong in the following group: Lion, Tiger, Bear, Salmon, Leopard?
1. Lion
2. Tiger
3. Bear
4. Salmon

Ans. D

The other words are all large carnivorous mammals, while “Salmon” is a type of fish and does not belong to the same category.

What is the missing number in the sequence: 2, 4, 16, 256, ___?
1. 512
2. 1024
3. 2048
4. 4096

Ans. B

The sequence is created by raising 2 to the power of each term (2^1, 2^2, 2^4, 2^8). The next number is 2^16 = 65536.

What is the next letter in the sequence: E, J, O, T, ___?
1. X
2. Y
3. Z
4. A

Ans. Y

The sequence follows the alphabet with each letter being five positions ahead. The next letter is “Y.”

Which fallacy is committed in the following argument? “If we don’t build more highways, our city will become unlivable.”
2. Straw Man
3. False Dilemma
4. Begging the Question

Ans. C

The argument commits the fallacy of a false dilemma by presenting only two extreme options when other possibilities may exist.

What is the next number in the sequence: 1, 2, 6, 24, ___?
1. 48
2. 120
3. 720
4. 144

Ans. C

The sequence is created by multiplying each term by the consecutive positive integer (1, 2, 3, …). The next number is 24 x 4 = 96.

Which of the following arguments is an example of hypothetical syllogism?
1. If it rains, I’ll bring an umbrella. If I bring an umbrella, I won’t get wet. Therefore, if it rains, I won’t get wet.
2. If it’s sunny, I’ll go for a walk. I’m going for a walk. Therefore, it’s sunny.
3. If it’s cold, I wear a jacket. I’m wearing a jacket. Therefore, it’s cold.
4. If it’s windy, I’ll fly a kite. I’m flying a kite. Therefore, it’s windy.

Ans. A

The first argument follows a hypothetical syllogism, where conditional statements are combined to make a conclusion.

What is the next letter in the sequence: B, F, J, N, ___?
1. R
2. Q
3. O
4. P

Ans. C

The sequence follows the alphabet with each letter being four positions ahead. The next letter is “O.”

Which of the following statements makes an implicit assumption?
1. It’s raining outside, so I should bring an umbrella.
2. If I study hard, I will pass the exam.
3. The company’s profits increased last year, so they must be financially stable.
4. She’s a great cook; she must be a vegetarian.

Ans. C

Option C assumes that increased profits necessarily mean financial stability, which may not be the case.

Which of the following is an assumption in the argument: “John is always late, so he must be lazy”?
1. John is always late.
2. John is lazy.
3. Lateness is caused by laziness.
4. People who are not lazy are never late.

Ans. C

The argument assumes that lateness is caused by laziness, which may not be true in all cases.

What is the implicit assumption in the following statement: “If you don’t exercise, you won’t be healthy”?
1. Exercising guarantees good health.
2. Not exercising guarantees poor health.
3. Health depends solely on exercising.
4. Exercising has no impact on health.

Ans. A

The statement assumes that exercising guarantees good health, which may not be entirely true as other factors contribute to health.

Which assumption is made in the argument: “The team won the game, so they must be the best team in the league”?
1. Winning one game means being the best team.
2. The team has the highest number of wins in the league.
3. No other team can beat this team.
4. The team is the best team in the league only because they won the game.

Ans. A

The argument assumes that winning one game means being the best team, which is not necessarily true.

What is an assumption in the statement: “If you want to succeed, you must go to a prestigious university”?
1. Prestigious universities guarantee success.
2. Going to a prestigious university is the only path to success.
3. Success is not achievable without attending a prestigious university.
4. Success is defined by attending a prestigious university.

Ans. B

The statement assumes that going to a prestigious university is the only path to success, which is a limited perspective.

What is the underlying assumption in the argument: “If you don’t stop eating junk food, you’ll get fat”?
1. Eating junk food always leads to weight gain.
2. Weight gain is undesirable.
3. People who don’t eat junk food stay thin.
4. Everyone who eats junk food is overweight.

Ans. A

The argument assumes that eating junk food always leads to weight gain, which may not be true for everyone.

What is the implied assumption in the following statement: “If you don’t answer my call, you must be ignoring me”?
2. If someone doesn’t answer a call, they are intentionally ignoring it.
3. People who are ignored feel offended.
4. Answering calls is the only way to show consideration.

Ans. B

The statement assumes that if someone doesn’t answer a call, they are intentionally ignoring it, which may not be the case in all situations.

What is an assumption in the argument: “She’s always smiling, so she must be happy”?
1. People who smile are always happy.
2. She has no reason to fake a smile.
3. Being happy is the only reason to smile.
4. She smiles to mask her true emotions.

Ans. A

The argument assumes that people who smile are always happy, which may not be true as people can smile for various reasons.

What is the implicit assumption in the argument: “If it’s a foreign film, it must be artistic”?
1. All foreign films are artistic.
2. Artistic films are never foreign.
3. Foreign films are only for artistic audiences.
4. Artistic films are the best films to watch.

Ans. A

The argument assumes that all foreign films are artistic, which is an oversimplification.

What assumption underlies the statement: “If he doesn’t buy the latest smartphone, he’s not tech-savvy”?
1. Being tech-savvy requires owning the latest smartphone.
2. Buying the latest smartphone is a waste of money.
4. Only the latest smartphone is a true technology device.

Ans. A

The statement assumes that being tech-savvy requires owning the latest smartphone, which is a limited perspective on technology proficiency.

Drama : Stage :: Tennis : ?
1. Ball
2. Court
3. Racket
4. Player

Ans. B

In a drama, the performance takes place on a stage. In tennis, the game is played on a court.

Author : Book :: Painter : ?
1. Canvas
2. Brush
3. Easel
4. Palette

Ans. A

An author creates a book, while a painter creates art on a canvas.

Seed : Plant :: Egg : ?
1. Chicken
2. Bird
3. Nest
4. Tree

Ans. B

A seed grows into a plant, and an egg hatches into a bird.

Pilot : Airplane :: Captain : ?
1. Ship
2. Crew
3. Ocean
4. Passengers

Ans. A

A pilot controls an airplane, and a captain commands a ship.

Car : Road :: Boat : ?
1. Ocean
2. Water
3. Engine
4. Fish

Ans. B

A car travels on a road, and a boat travels on water.

Pen : Write :: Knife : ?
1. Cut
2. Eat
3. Cook
4. Paint

Ans. A

A pen is used to write, and a knife is used to cut.

Bee : Hive :: Ant : ?
1. Mound
2. Hole
3. Colony
4. Web

Ans. A

Bees live in a hive, and ants often live in a mound or anthill.

Doctor : Hospital :: Teacher : ?
1. School
2. Library
3. Student
4. Book

Ans. A

Doctors work in hospitals, and teachers work in schools.

Sun : Day :: Moon : ?
1. Month
2. Star
3. Night
4. Sky

Ans. C

The sun is associated with daytime, and the moon is associated with nighttime.

House : Roof :: Car : ?
1. Tire
2. Steering Wheel
3. Engine
4. Window

Ans. D

A house has a roof, and a car has windows.

Gloves : Hands :: Shoes : ?
1. Feet
2. Toes
3. Socks
4. Legs

Ans. A

Gloves cover hands, and shoes are worn on feet.

Flower : Petal :: Book : ?
1. Chapter
2. Page
3. Author
4. Word

Ans. B

A flower is made up of petals, and a book is made up of pages.

River : Stream :: Ocean : ?
1. Sea
2. Lake
3. Wave
4. Ripple

Ans. A

A river is a smaller body of water, similar to a stream. Likewise, an ocean is a larger body of water, akin to a sea.

Bicycle : Pedals :: Car : ?
1. Tires
2. Engine
3. Brakes
4. Seat

Ans. B

Pedals are used to power a bicycle, and an engine is used to power a car.

Snow : Winter :: Leaves : ?
1. Spring
2. Autumn
3. Summer
4. Year

Ans. B

Snow is associated with winter, and leaves falling is associated with autumn.

Knife : Cut :: Pen : ?
1. Write
2. Ink
3. Paper
4. Draw

Ans. A

A knife is used to cut, and a pen is used to write.

Music : Notes :: Language : ?
1. Words
2. Grammar
3. Book
4. Library

Ans. A

Music is composed of notes, and language is composed of words.

Fish : Aquarium :: Bird : ?
1. Aviary
2. Cage
3. Stable
4. Hive

Ans. A

Fish are kept in an aquarium, and birds are often kept in an aviary.

Teeth : Dentist :: Eyes : ?
1. Optician
2. Surgeon
3. Orthodontist
4. Ophthalmologist

Ans. D

Dentists are specialists for teeth, and ophthalmologists are specialists for eyes.

Assertion (A): Water boils at a lower temperature at higher altitudes. Reason (R): Atmospheric pressure decreases with increasing altitude.
1. A is true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. A is true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is false, but R is true.
4. Both A and R are false.

Ans. A

The assertion is true, and the reason correctly explains why water boils at a lower temperature at higher altitudes.

Assertion (A): The moon has no atmosphere. Reason (R): The moon’s gravity is too weak to hold an atmosphere.
1. A is true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. A is true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is false, but R is true.
4. Both A and R are false.

Ans. A

The assertion is true, and the reason correctly explains why the moon has no atmosphere.

Assertion (A): Objects appear smaller when they are farther away. Reason (R): The angle subtended by an object at the eye decreases with increasing distance.
1. A is true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. A is true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is false, but R is true.
4. Both A and R are false.

Ans. A

The assertion is true, and the reason correctly explains why objects appear smaller with increasing distance.

Assertion (A): Metals are good conductors of electricity. Reason (R): Metals have a large number of free electrons that can carry electric current.
1. A is true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. A is true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is false, but R is true.
4. Both A and R are false.

Ans. A

The assertion is true, and the reason correctly explains why metals are good conductors of electricity.

Assertion (A): Sound cannot travel through a vacuum. Reason (R): Sound requires a medium, such as air or water, for propagation.
1. A is true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. A is true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is false, but R is true.
4. Both A and R are false.

Ans. A

The assertion is true, and the reason correctly explains why sound cannot travel through a vacuum.

Assertion (A): Light travels faster than sound. Reason (R): Light is an electromagnetic wave, while sound is a mechanical wave.
1. A is true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. A is true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is false, but R is true.
4. Both A and R are false.

Ans. A

The assertion is true, and the reason correctly explains why light travels faster than sound.

Assertion (A): The boiling point of water is 100°C at standard atmospheric pressure. Reason (R): The Celsius temperature scale is based on the freezing and boiling points of water.
1. A is true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. A is true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is false, but R is true.
4. Both A and R are false.

Ans. A

The assertion is true, and the reason correctly explains why the boiling point of water is 100°C on the Celsius scale.

Assertion (A): The Earth experiences seasons due to its axial tilt. Reason (R): The angle of sunlight varies with the Earth’s position in its orbit.
1. A is true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. A is true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is false, but R is true.
4. Both A and R are false.

Ans. A

The assertion is true, and the reason correctly explains why the Earth experiences seasons due to its axial tilt.

Assertion (A): The primary colors of light are red, green, and blue (RGB). Reason (R): Combining these colors can produce a full spectrum of colors through additive color mixing.
1. A is true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. A is true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is false, but R is true.
4. Both A and R are false.

Ans. A

The assertion is true, and the reason correctly explains why RGB colors are considered primary for additive color mixing.

Assertion (A): Plants perform photosynthesis in the presence of sunlight. Reason (R): Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy.
1. A is true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
2. A is true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3. A is false, but R is true.
4. Both A and R are false.

Ans. A

The assertion is true, and the reason correctly explains why photosynthesis occurs in the presence of sunlight.

Raman says, “Anuj’s mother is the only daughter of my mother.” How is Anuj related to Raman?
1. Son
2. Nephew
3. Cousin
4. Brother

Ans. A

If Anuj’s mother is the only daughter of Raman’s mother, then Anuj is Raman’s son.

Rahul says, “Sonia’s father is my father’s son.” How is Sonia related to Rahul?
1. Sister
2. Mother
3. Cousin
4. Daughter

Ans. A

If Sonia’s father is Rahul’s father’s son, then Sonia must be Rahul’s sister.

Priya says, “Amit’s brother is the father of my son.” How is Amit related to Priya?
1. Husband
2. Brother
3. Son
4. Father

Ans. A

If Amit’s brother is the father of Priya’s son, then Amit is Priya’s husband.

Deepak says, “My father’s only sister is Neha’s mother.” How is Neha related to Deepak?
1. Cousin
2. Daughter
3. Niece
4. Sister

Ans. C

If Deepak’s father’s only sister is Neha’s mother, then Neha is Deepak’s niece.

Rohit says, “The girl in the picture is the only daughter of my father’s son.” How is the girl in the picture related to Rohit?
1. Sister
2. Niece
3. Mother
4. Cousin

Ans. A

The girl in the picture is the only daughter of Rohit’s father’s son, which makes her Rohit’s sister.

Kiran says, “Amit is my mother’s brother’s son.” How is Amit related to Kiran?
1. Cousin
2. Nephew
3. Brother
4. Uncle

Ans. B

If Amit is Kiran’s mother’s brother’s son, then Amit is Kiran’s nephew.

Nisha says, “Ravi’s mother is my mother’s daughter.” How is Ravi related to Nisha?
1. Brother
2. Cousin
3. Nephew
4. Son

Ans. A

If Ravi’s mother is Nisha’s mother’s daughter, then Ravi is Nisha’s brother.

Amit says, “Sheela is my father’s wife’s sister.” How is Sheela related to Amit?
1. Aunt
2. Sister
3. Cousin
4. Wife

Ans. A

If Sheela is Amit’s father’s wife’s sister, then Sheela is Amit’s aunt.

Rajiv says, “Rohan’s father is my father’s only son.” How is Rohan related to Rajiv?
1. Brother
2. Cousin
3. Nephew
4. Son

Ans. A

If Rohan’s father is Rajiv’s father’s only son, then Rohan is Rajiv’s brother.

If BLUE is coded as 724613, then how is GREEN coded?
1. 751451
2. 765141
3. 754211
4. 735214

Ans. A

In the given code, each letter is assigned a numerical value based on its position in the alphabet (A=1, B=2, C=3, and so on). GREEN is coded as 751451.

If LEMON is coded as 124613, then how is ORANGE coded?
1. 155712
2. 151712
3. 154712
4. 144712

Ans. C

In the given code, each letter is assigned a numerical value based on its position in the alphabet (A=1, B=2, C=3, and so on). ORANGE is coded as 154712.

If HOUSE is coded as 825193, then how is CHAIR coded?
1. 38691
2. 83961
3. 38169
4. 38961

Ans. D

In the given code, each letter is assigned a numerical value based on its position in the alphabet (A=1, B=2, C=3, and so on). CHAIR is coded as 38961.

If DOCTOR is coded as 415209, then how is NURSE coded?
1. 141892
2. 182491
3. 149281
4. 912841

Ans. C

In the given code, each letter is assigned a numerical value based on its position in the alphabet (A=1, B=2, C=3, and so on). NURSE is coded as 149281.

If TABLE is coded as 201253, then how is CHAIR coded?
1. 312918
2. 231819
3. 213819
4. 213891

Ans. D

In the given code, each letter is assigned a numerical value based on its position in the alphabet (A=1, B=2, C=3, and so on). CHAIR is coded as 213891.

If FLOWER is coded as 620235, then how is TULIP coded?
1. 209369
2. 620369
3. 930620
4. 209630

Ans. B

In the given code, each letter is assigned a numerical value based on its position in the alphabet (A=1, B=2, C=3, and so on). TULIP is coded as 620369.

If SCHOOL is coded as 892135, then how is STUDENT coded?
1. 1234567
2. 8714356
3. 7823456
4. 8734652

Ans. B

In the given code, each letter is assigned a numerical value based on its position in the alphabet (A=1, B=2, C=3, and so on). STUDENT is coded as 8714356.

If CAR is coded as 315, then how is BUS coded?
1. 328
2. 852
3. 243
4. 635

Ans. A

In the given code, each letter is assigned a numerical value based on its position in the alphabet (A=1, B=2, C=3, and so on). BUS is coded as 328.

If MONEY is coded as 13457, then how is HONEY coded?
1. 13557
2. 12357
3. 12557
4. 12377

Ans. B

In the given code, each letter is assigned a numerical value based on its position in the alphabet (A=1, B=2, C=3, and so on). HONEY is coded as 12357.

If FISH is coded as 6890, then how is CAT coded?
1. 304
2. 503
3. 680
4. 803

Ans. D

In the given code, each letter is assigned a numerical value based on its position in the alphabet (A=1, B=2, C=3, and so on). CAT is coded as 803.

Which number comes next in the sequence: 2, 4, 8, 16, ___?
1. 24
2. 32
3. 64
4. 128

Ans. C

The sequence is doubling at each step. So, the next number is 16 x 2 = 32.

If a car is a type of vehicle, and a bicycle is a type of vehicle, what is the relationship between a car and a bicycle?
1. Similar
2. Opposite
3. Unrelated
4. Parent-Child

Ans. A

Both a car and a bicycle are types of vehicles, so they are similar in the context of being vehicles.

If all cats are animals, and some animals are black, can we conclude that some cats are black?
1. Yes
2. No

Ans. A

If all cats are animals, and some animals are black, it is possible that some cats are black.

What is the odd one out: Apple, Banana, Orange, Carrot?
1. Apple
2. Banana
3. Orange
4. Carrot

Ans. D

Carrot is the odd one out as it is a vegetable, while the others are fruits.

If Monday is 0, Tuesday is 1, and so on, what number represents Sunday?
1. 5
2. 6
3. 7
4. 1

Ans. B

If Monday is 0 and each day is assigned a consecutive number, Sunday is represented by 6.

If X = 5, Y = 9, and Z = 3, what is the value of X – Y + Z?
1. 3
2. 7
3. 13
4. -1

Ans. D

X – Y + Z = 5 – 9 + 3 = -1.

If the pattern is Circle, Square, Triangle, Circle, Square, what comes next?
1. Rectangle
2. Circle
3. Square
4. Triangle

Ans. A

The pattern is rotating through three shapes: Circle, Square, Triangle. The next shape is Rectangle.

If 8 people can paint a house in 6 days, how many days will it take for 12 people to paint the same house?
1. 3 days
2. 4 days
3. 5 days
4. 2 days

Ans. B

The more people there are, the faster the work gets done. So, with 12 people, it will take 4 days to paint the house.

If a football field is 100 meters long and 50 meters wide, what is the total area of the field in square meters?
1. 5000 square meters
2. 500 square meters
3. 1000 square meters
4. 2500 square meters

Ans. A

The area of a rectangle is calculated by multiplying its length and width, so the total area is 100 x 50 = 5000 square meters.

If 6 books cost \$36, how much do 8 books of the same price cost?
1. \$48
2. \$54
3. \$24
4. \$64

Ans. B

If 6 books cost \$36, the cost of 1 book is \$36/6 = \$6. So, 8 books will cost 8 x \$6 = \$48.

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