The sociological perspective of education focuses on both processes: education and the relationship between education and various aspects society. The main challenge is to understand how education influences social processes and are influenced by them.
Seeds of sociology Education has been postulated in the writings of Plato and others (some of which We have read in the previous sections), which focused on the role of education in lay the foundations of social order and maintain the state. .Sociology However, education as a specialized area of research was singled out much later.
Émile Durkheim, French sociologist, emphasizes the need Approach to the study of education. Jayaram (1990) explains that what used to be called “pedagogical sociology” born to educators in the United States of America and Canada for the integration of a large number of immigrants (at the turn of the
XX century) with the school and society as a whole. Complexity the demands imposed by industrialization confused the issue. Main The questions before them concerned (i) the effective means by which immigrants could be mixed with the community; (ii) Nature, scope and structure of education For rural children who have been introduced to formal teaching aids for the first time; and (iii) influence of languages, ethnicity and religions affiliations by patterns of learning behavior. To solve these problems,
it was necessary to preserve the social problems of education in order to understand Relationship between social factors and education. The result was the arrival sociologists and educators together and the subsequent appearance “Pedagogical Sociology”. The scope of educational sociology was defined in
Conditions serve as the basis for defining educational goals; the place of education in society; and interaction between the school and the community.
For many years pedagogical sociology did not support the interests of the two living educators and sociologists and gave way to what is now mentioned as “pedagogical sociology”. The sociology of education has become a legitimate field of study thanks to sociologists’ interest in the educational process. More and more sociologists endorses the contribution of education to society. According to Mannheim (1940: 271), “Sociologists do not consider education solely as a means of realizing
abstract ideals of culture, such as humanism or technical specialization, but how part of the process of influencing men and women. Education can only be it is clear when we know for what and for what social status students educated.”
The sociological perspective of education establishes the importance of the social and cultural context of education. While Durkheim focuses on the role Education in the preservation of society and culture (which, however, is happening transfer of values, knowledge, beliefs and cultural skills through family, kinship group and school), Dewey distinguishes the growth of the individual in accordance with the purpose of a particular society and natural human growth. We must understand that the goals, values
Theories about education and skills, defined as critical by the social order, are transmitted through
educational process. Now they are undergoing changes, like the social order itself. is transformed. It is for this reason that education is considered dynamic. process (see Shukla and Kumar, 1985).
From the point of view of the tasks of education, the dynamic nature Education can be explained from a historical point of view. Education system In Greece and Rome, arrangements were made for children to learn to obey yourself to society. Durkheim (orig. 1956, 1985:11) explains this aspect More distinctly in the following words: “In Athens, they sought to form themselves by cultural Informed souls, subtle, full of measure and harmony, able to enjoy the beauty and joy of speculation; In Rome, they wanted children first of all become people of action, devoted to military glory, indifferent to literacy and Art. During the Middle Ages, education was predominantly Christian; in Renaissance, it takes on a more literary and more secular character; Today science seeks take a place in education formerly occupied by art.
Identity has merged with society. After a while it was transformation of educational goals, visible in the change in purchase from individual subordination to autonomy. Nowadays education the system seeks to develop autonomy and self-identification in a person personality.
At the sociological level, those aspects of education that are of particular importance in Society is the role that education plays in maintaining (or initiating) challenge) to public order, public control and law enforcement agencies over on the other hand, and contribution to the implementation of social change. AND Much of this is determined by schooling, which includes the model interaction between teachers and students, nature and content teaching, volume of training and other aspects. Another aspect is
Suitable fields of study for sociologists
“In order to better explain the social phenomena of education, Durkheim identified four suitable research areas for sociologists. They are:
1) REVEALING actual social facts of education and their
2) IDENTIFICATION of the relationship between education and social
3) Cross-cultural and comparative research in various types of education
4) Study of the class and school as a functioning social system.
(Jayaram 1990: 2).
According to Carnoy (1974), in the United States and Latin American countries In an industrialized America, school education was oriented toward the development of the factory system in the sense that children were prepared to service the plant system at different capacities. Economics and social
change due to the spread of capitalism among the masses favoring the metropolis a school that would educate the children of the working class in such a way that The class structure is preserved. After World War II, when the US became the leader of the capitalist world, its management models change and distribution of economic roles between different groups was accepted third world countries.
Education played an extremely important role In the international post-war scenario. He worked as an agency Promote the interests of influential economic and social groups. The present daily debate. The sphere of society and education is that which is connected with The role of school education, the nature and extent of the role of education in society and human development. In recent years, the policy of the educational program, the means of education and the role of the school in society are decisive Problems for sociologists.
Interestingly, the role of the school in society be reviewed by sociologists. In fact, sociologists are asking the question the basic premise that education is the only factor that leads to
development. Alternatively, does it lead to social and human development at the Everybody?