Lachit Borphukan was a brave and valiant commander who played a significant role in the Ahom Kingdom’s history in present-day Assam, India. He is regarded as a hero and a symbol of patriotism in Assam, with his contributions being celebrated to this day.
Early Life and Background:
Lachit Borphukan was born in the year 1622 CE in Guwahati, Assam, to Momai Tamuli Borbarua, who served as the prime minister of the Ahom Kingdom. Lachit Borphukan grew up amidst political turmoil and threats from the Mughal Empire, which was expanding towards the eastern regions of India.
Career and Contributions:
Lachit Borphukan started his career as a soldier in the Ahom army and gradually rose through the ranks to become the commander of the army. In the year 1667 CE, the Mughal Empire, led by Emperor Aurangzeb, launched an invasion of the Ahom Kingdom with the intention of conquering the region. Lachit Borphukan led the Ahom army’s defense and played a crucial role in repelling the Mughal invasion.
Lachit Borphukan’s strategic brilliance and his ability to inspire his soldiers were instrumental in the Ahom army’s victory. He is known for his famous declaration to his soldiers, “If you want to leave, leave. But if you want to fight and win, then come with me.” This speech rallied the troops and gave them the courage to fight against the invading forces.
Lachit Borphukan’s most significant contribution came during the Battle of Saraighat in 1671 CE, where he defeated the Mughal navy under the command of Mir Jumla. The Mughal army had superior numbers and weaponry, but Lachit Borphukan’s strategic planning and the determination of his soldiers proved to be too much for the Mughals to handle. This victory ensured the Ahom Kingdom’s sovereignty and prevented the Mughal Empire from expanding further into the region.
Lachit Borphukan’s contributions to the Ahom Kingdom’s defense are celebrated to this day in Assam. He is considered a hero and a symbol of patriotism in the region, with numerous monuments and memorials dedicated to him. The Lachit Borphukan Award, instituted in 1996, is awarded annually by the Assam government to individuals who have made significant contributions to society. Additionally, the Indian Navy’s guided-missile frigate, INS Ganga, was renamed INS Lachit in 2016 in honor of Lachit Borphukan.
Lachit Borphukan’s bravery, strategic thinking, and leadership skills continue to inspire generations of people in Assam and beyond. His contributions to the Ahom Kingdom’s defense and his victory against the Mughal Empire are a testament to his patriotism and dedication to his people. Lachit Borphukan’s legacy lives on, and his story serves as an inspiration to all those who strive to defend their country and uphold its sovereignty.